In response, researchers from The DEMAND Center, located at the University of Lancaster, have researched the dynamics of energy, mobility and demand, trying to understand this increase in international travel in view of its impact on energy demand .
After discussions with groups of elderly people, their work emphasizes the importance of mass tourism and broader infrastructural changes that have made traveling abroad more convenient.
That is why exotic or exciting destinations are often found outside Europe, while European leisure travel can increasingly be regarded as ‘conventional’ and ‘easy’.
In this way, their research shows that this trend of more travel can not be explained solely by changes in changing amounts of disposable income after retirement.
London. The vibrant, beating heart of the United Kingdom. It is one of the world’s most popular destinations for tourists and also for business travelers.
The amount of trade that London spends is enormous, with a financial center that is only for New York and service industries that focus on the British,
European and international markets. As the world’s most multicultural city – there are more than 300 languages spoken by a population of more than eight
million people (twelve million if you take up the metropolitan area) – the opportunities for business are clear.
With the UK strategically positioned for the business traveler on the western edge of Europe, London is a global hub for air travel, providing easy access to
mainland Europe and a stepping stone to the United States. Mainly operated by five airports – Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Stansted and Luton – London is easily
accessible from anywhere in the world. But with the exception of London City Airport – the smallest of the five and located in East London, close to the
business district of Canary Wharf – the other four airports are evenly spread throughout the city. The most popular, Heathrow, is west of London; Gatwick is
in the south; Stansted to the northeast; and Luton to the northwest. If you know this before you make your travel plans, this can be useful. Since the larger
metropolitan area of London covers more than 1000 square miles, it is possible that your ultimate business destination is not in the middle. Research into
which airport is closest to your destination can save you time, effort and money.
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Whether you are a business traveler flying from the UK or from abroad, your starting destination often determines the airport where you arrive. Other
factors, such as your chosen travel time, budget and availability, will also make a difference. For example, if you are traveling with a major international
airline from a major city like New York, chances are that you will arrive at Heathrow or Gatwick (Stansted also receives flights from New York, but is the
smallest of the three).
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If you travel locally with a budget airline from the UK, you will arrive in Stansted or Luton (but not exclusively). And if you are traveling from a major
European city, particularly a financial capital such as Frankfurt, London City Airport is a likely arrival point (the airport has been specially established
to provide business travelers at short notice, especially between financial centers).
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Each airport is served by extensive rail and road infrastructure, giving business travelers a variety of options to enter London. All five airports offer
direct train travel to central London, bus trips to the main Victoria terminus and rental cars, minibuses, licensed black cabs and taxi services by road. If
you are a VIP business traveler, there are also chauffeur services available, and with the exception of London City Airport each airport also offers direct
helicopter transfers to the heart of the city.
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London Heathrow Airport
The busiest of five airports is London Heathrow. Heathrow is less than twenty miles from central London, in the west of the city, within the metropolitan M25
border. The fastest route to London is via the Heathrow Express train service, only 15 minutes from terminals 1, 2 and 3 to Paddington station (located on
the western side of central London). If your flight arrives at terminal 4 or 5, it will take another four and six minutes of travel time and you will need to
switch to the main connection in London at Terminal 1, 2 and 3.